The ceremonial maces that today lend authority and gravitas to such formal occasions as commencement descend from an ancient weapon dating back to 12,000 B.C. UNLV's mace is in its infancy by those standards, not quite 35 years old.
The nearly 12-pound mace is carried by the longest-serving faculty member at commencement ceremonies. Mike McCollum, former dean of the College of Fine Arts, cast the mace, but never carried it at graduation — "I should have been forced to, as it was quite heavy as I remember," he says.
In the early 1970s, UNLV President Roman Zorn tapped art professors Erik Gronborg and McCollum to construct the mace and gave them free rein to design the piece as they saw fit.
McCollum cast the head of the mace in aluminum using the lost wax process. The cube was sculpted in wax, then invested in a plaster mixture to make a mold. When the mold hardened, it was placed in a kiln for about two days. The wax melted away, and the void was filled with aluminum that had been melted at 1,200 degrees Fahrenheit. It took about a month for the wax-to-aluminum process, McCollum said. Gronborg, who crafted the staff from hardwood and stained it black, acknowledged that it wasn't a speedy project. "Art has never been about expediency. It's about exploring and the result."
Each face of the mace represents some element of education or Nevada. "The different images are meant to symbolize the basic values of a university," Gronborg said. They are:
|An image of Leornardo da Vinci, representing the search for answers and knowledge|
|An image of the Statue of Liberty, for a university's role in fostering liberty|
|Books and artists' brushes, which appear on two faces|
|The university seal, which appears on two faces|
The hand at the end of the mace was cast from McCollum's own hand. The da Vinci and Statue of Liberty pictures were cast from etched newspaper printing plates. And the books and artists' brushes were cast from real objects. "That gives them a sense of reality," Gronborg said. "The images are more familiar."
The Artists, Then and Now
McCollum had just joined UNLV following grad school when he cast the mace. He went on to become dean of fine arts and retired in 1995. He is now a full-time artist (www.deepwoodsart.com) in Sequim, Wash. Gronborg, a native of Denmark, taught at UNLV from 1969 to 1973. He became best known for his ceramics and also worked in wood. He taught at MiraCosta College in Oceanside, Calif., from 1975 until his retirement in 2001. He lives in Solana Beach, Calif.